Module Timezone

include Timezone__.Timezone_intf.Timezone
include Core_kernel.Core_kernel_private.Time_zone.S with type t = Core_kernel.Time.Zone.t
type t = Core_kernel.Time.Zone.t

The type of a time-zone.

bin_io and sexp representations of Zone.t are the name of the zone, and not the full data that is read from disk when Zone.find is called. The full Zone.t is reconstructed on the receiving/reading side by reloading the zone file from disk. Any zone name that is accepted by find is acceptable in the bin_io and sexp representations.

val sexp_of_t : t -> Ppx_sexp_conv_lib.Sexp.t
val compare : t -> t ->
val input_tz_file : zonename:Core_kernel__.Import.string -> filename:Core_kernel__.Import.string -> t

input_tz_file ~zonename ~filename read in filename and return t with name t = zonename

val likely_machine_zones : Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list Core_kernel__.Import.ref

likely_machine_zones is a list of zone names that will be searched first when trying to determine the machine zone of a box. Setting this to a likely set of zones for your application will speed the very first use of the local timezone.

val of_utc_offset : -> t

of_utc_offset offset returns a timezone with a static UTC offset (given in hours).

val utc : t

utc the UTC time zone. Included for convenience

val name : t -> Core_kernel__.Import.string
val original_filename : t -> Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.option

original_filename t return the filename t was loaded from (if any)

val digest : t -> Core_kernel.Md5.t Core_kernel__.Import.option

digest t return the MD5 digest of the file the t was created from (if any)

val reset_transition_cache : t -> Core_kernel__.Import.unit

For performance testing only; reset_transition_cache t resets an internal cache in t used to speed up repeated lookups of the same clock shift transition.

module Index : sig ... end

A time zone index refers to a range of times delimited by DST transitions at one or both ends. Every time belongs to exactly one such range. The times of DST transitions themselves belong to the range for which they are the lower bound.

val index : t -> Time_in_seconds.t -> Index.t

Gets the index of a time.

val index_of_date_and_ofday : t -> Time_in_seconds.Date_and_ofday.t -> Index.t
val index_offset_from_utc_exn : t -> Index.t -> Time_in_seconds.Span.t

Gets the UTC offset of times in a specific range.

This can raise if you use an Index.t that is out of bounds for this t.

val index_abbreviation_exn : t -> Index.t -> Core_kernel__.Import.string

index_abbreviation_exn t index returns the abbreviation name (such as EDT, EST, JST) of given zone t for the range of index. This string conversion is one-way only, and cannot reliably be turned back into a t. This function reads and writes the zone's cached index. Raises if index is out of bounds for t.

val index_has_prev_clock_shift : t -> Index.t -> Core_kernel__.Import.bool

Accessors for the DST transitions delimiting the start and end of a range, if any. The _exn accessors raise if there is no such transition. These accessors are split up to increase performance and improve allocation; they are intended as a low-level back-end for commonly-used time conversion functions. See Time.Zone and Time_ns.Zone for higher-level accessors that return an optional tuple for clock shifts in either direction.

val index_prev_clock_shift_time_exn : t -> Index.t -> Time_in_seconds.t
val index_prev_clock_shift_amount_exn : t -> Index.t -> Time_in_seconds.Span.t
val index_has_next_clock_shift : t -> Index.t -> Core_kernel__.Import.bool
val index_next_clock_shift_time_exn : t -> Index.t -> Time_in_seconds.t
val index_next_clock_shift_amount_exn : t -> Index.t -> Time_in_seconds.Span.t
include Extend_zone with type Extend_zone.t := t
type t
include Core_kernel.Identifiable.S with type t := t
type t
include Bin_prot.Binable.S with type t := t
type t
include Bin_prot.Binable.S_only_functions with type t := t
type t
val bin_size_t : t Bin_prot.Size.sizer
val bin_write_t : t Bin_prot.Write.writer
val bin_read_t : t Bin_prot.Read.reader
val __bin_read_t__ : (int -> t) Bin_prot.Read.reader

This function only needs implementation if t exposed to be a polymorphic variant. Despite what the type reads, this does *not* produce a function after reading; instead it takes the constructor tag (int) before reading and reads the rest of the variant t afterwards.

val bin_shape_t : Bin_prot.Shape.t
val bin_writer_t : t Bin_prot.Type_class.writer
val bin_reader_t : t Bin_prot.Type_class.reader
val bin_t : t Bin_prot.Type_class.t
val hash_fold_t : Base.Hash.state -> t -> Base.Hash.state
val hash : t -> Base.Hash.hash_value
include Ppx_sexp_conv_lib.Sexpable.S with type t := t
type t
val t_of_sexp : Sexplib0.Sexp.t -> t
val sexp_of_t : t -> Sexplib0.Sexp.t
include Core_kernel.Identifiable.S_common with type t := t
type t
val compare : t -> t ->
val hash_fold_t : Base.Hash.state -> t -> Base.Hash.state
val hash : t -> Base.Hash.hash_value
val sexp_of_t : t -> Ppx_sexp_conv_lib.Sexp.t
include Core_kernel__.Import.Stringable.S with type t := t
type t
val of_string : string -> t
val to_string : t -> string
include Core_kernel__.Import.Pretty_printer.S with type t := t
type t
val pp : Base.Formatter.t -> t -> unit
include Core_kernel.Comparable.S_binable with type t := t
include Core_kernel__.Comparable_intf.S_common
include Base.Comparable.S
include Base__.Comparable_intf.Polymorphic_compare
include Base.Comparisons.Infix
type t
val (>=) : t -> t -> bool
val (<=) : t -> t -> bool
val (=) : t -> t -> bool
val (>) : t -> t -> bool
val (<) : t -> t -> bool
val (<>) : t -> t -> bool
val equal : t -> t -> bool
val compare : t -> t -> int

compare t1 t2 returns 0 if t1 is equal to t2, a negative integer if t1 is less than t2, and a positive integer if t1 is greater than t2.

val min : t -> t -> t
val max : t -> t -> t
val ascending : t -> t -> int

ascending is identical to compare. descending x y = ascending y x. These are intended to be mnemonic when used like List.sort ~compare:ascending and List.sort ~cmp:descending, since they cause the list to be sorted in ascending or descending order, respectively.

val descending : t -> t -> int
val between : t -> low:t -> high:t -> bool

between t ~low ~high means low <= t <= high

val clamp_exn : t -> min:t -> max:t -> t

clamp_exn t ~min ~max returns t', the closest value to t such that between t' ~low:min ~high:max is true.

Raises if not (min <= max).

val clamp : t -> min:t -> max:t -> t Base.Or_error.t
include Base.Comparator.S with type t := t
type t
type comparator_witness
val comparator : (tcomparator_witness) Base.Comparator.comparator
include Base__.Comparable_intf.Validate with type t := t
type t
val validate_lbound : min:t Base.Maybe_bound.t -> t Base.Validate.check
val validate_ubound : max:t Base.Maybe_bound.t -> t Base.Validate.check
val validate_bound : min:t Base.Maybe_bound.t -> max:t Base.Maybe_bound.t -> t Base.Validate.check
include Core_kernel.Hashable.S_binable with type t := t
type t
val hash_fold_t : Base.Hash.state -> t -> Base.Hash.state
val hash : t -> Base.Hash.hash_value
val hashable : t Core_kernel.Hashtbl.Hashable.t
val find : string -> t option

find name looks up a t by its name and returns it. This also accepts some aliases, including:

  • chi -> America/Chicago
  • nyc -> America/New_York
  • hkg -> Asia/Hong_Kong
  • lon -> Europe/London
  • tyo -> Asia/Tokyo
val find_exn : string -> t
val local : t Core_kernel.Lazy.t

local is the machine's local timezone, as determined from the TZ environment variable or the /etc/localtime file. It is computed from the state of the process environment and on-disk tzdata database at some unspecified moment prior to its first use, so its value may be unpredictable if that state changes during program operation. Arguably, changing the timezone of a running program is a problematic operation anyway -- most people write code assuming the clock doesn't suddenly jump several hours without warning.

Note that any function using this timezone can throw an exception if the TZ environment variable is misconfigured or if the appropriate timezone files can't be found because of the way the box is configured. We don't sprinkle _exn all over all the names in this module because such misconfiguration is quite rare.

val initialized_zones : unit -> (string * t) list

initialized_zones () returns a sorted list of time zone names that have been loaded from disk thus far.

Low-level functions

The functions below are lower level and should be used more rarely.

val init : unit -> unit

init () pre-load all available time zones from disk, this function has no effect if it is called multiple times. Time zones will otherwise be loaded at need from the disk on the first call to find/find_exn.

module Stable : sig ... end