Module Command.Param

Command-line parameter specification.

This module replaces Command.Spec, and should be used in all new code. Its types and compositional rules are much easier to understand.

module type S = sig ... end
include S
type +'a t

Command.Param is intended to be used with the [%map_open] syntax defined in ppx_let, like so:

let command =
  Command.basic ~summary:"..."
      let count  = anon ("COUNT" %: int)
      and port   = flag "port" (optional int) ~doc:"N listen on this port"
      and person = person_param
      (* ... Command-line validation code, if any, goes here ... *)
      fun () ->
        (* The body of the command *)
        do_stuff count port person

One can also use [%map_open] to define composite command line parameters, like person_param in the previous snippet:

type person = { name : string; age : int }

let person_param : person Command.Param.t =
    let name = flag "name" (required string) ~doc:"X name of the person"
    and age  = flag "age"  (required int)    ~doc:"N how many years old"
    {name; age}

The right-hand sides of [%map_open] definitions have Command.Param in scope.

Alternatively, you can say:

let open Foo.Let_syntax in
  let x ...

if Foo follows the same conventions as Command.Param.

See example/command/ for more examples.

include Core_kernel__.Import.Applicative.S with type 'a t := 'a t
include Base__.Applicative_intf.For_let_syntax
type 'a t
val return : 'a -> 'a t
val map : 'a t -> f:('a -> 'b) -> 'b t
val both : 'a t -> 'b t -> ('a * 'b) t
include Base__.Applicative_intf.Applicative_infix with type 'a t := 'a t
type 'a t
val (<*>) : ('a -> 'b) t -> 'a t -> 'b t

same as apply

val (<*) : 'a t -> unit t -> 'a t
val (*>) : unit t -> 'a t -> 'a t
val (>>|) : 'a t -> ('a -> 'b) -> 'b t
val apply : ('a -> 'b) t -> 'a t -> 'b t
val map2 : 'a t -> 'b t -> f:('a -> 'b -> 'c) -> 'c t
val map3 : 'a t -> 'b t -> 'c t -> f:('a -> 'b -> 'c -> 'd) -> 'd t
val all : 'a t list -> 'a list t
val all_unit : unit t list -> unit t

Various internal values

val help : Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel.Lazy.t t

The help text for the command.

val path : Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list t

The subcommand path of the command.

val args : Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list t

The arguments passed to the command.

val flag : ?⁠aliases:Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list -> ?⁠full_flag_required:Core_kernel__.Import.unit -> Core_kernel__.Import.string -> 'a Flag.t -> doc:Core_kernel__.Import.string -> 'a t

flag name spec ~doc specifies a command that, among other things, takes a flag named name on its command line. doc indicates the meaning of the flag.

All flags must have a dash at the beginning of the name. If name is not prefixed by "-", it will be normalized to "-" ^ name.

Unless full_flag_required is used, one doesn't have to pass name exactly on the command line, but only an unambiguous prefix of name (i.e., a prefix which is not a prefix of any other flag's name).

NOTE: the doc for a flag which takes an argument should be of the form arg_name ^ " " ^ description where arg_name describes the argument and description describes the meaning of the flag.

NOTE: flag names (including aliases) containing underscores will be rejected. Use dashes instead.

NOTE: "-" by itself is an invalid flag name and will be rejected.

val flag_optional_with_default_doc : ?⁠aliases:Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list -> ?⁠full_flag_required:Core_kernel__.Import.unit -> Core_kernel__.Import.string -> 'a Arg_type.t -> ('a -> Core_kernel.Sexp.t) -> default:'a -> doc:Core_kernel__.Import.string -> 'a t

flag_optional_with_default_doc name arg_type sexp_of_default ~default ~doc is a shortcut for flag, where:

  1. The Flag.t is optional_with_default default arg_type
  2. The doc is passed through with an explanation of what the default value appended.
val anon : 'a Anons.t -> 'a t

anon spec specifies a command that, among other things, takes the anonymous arguments specified by spec.

module If_nothing_chosen : sig ... end
val choose_one : 'a Core_kernel__.Import.option t Core_kernel__.Import.list -> if_nothing_chosen:('a'b) If_nothing_chosen.t -> 'b t

choose_one clauses ~if_nothing_chosen expresses a sum type. It raises if more than one of clauses is Some _. When if_nothing_chosen = `Raise, it also raises if none of clauses is Some _.

val and_arg_names : 'a t -> ('a * Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list) t

and_arg_names t returns both the value of t and the names of the arguments that went into t. Useful for errors that reference multiple params.

val and_arg_name : 'a t -> ('a * Core_kernel__.Import.string) t

Like and_arg_names, but asserts that there is exactly one name.

module Arg_type : module type of Arg_type with type 'a Arg_type.t = 'a Arg_type.t
include module type of Arg_type.Export
val string : Core_kernel__.Import.string Arg_type.t
val int : Arg_type.t

Beware that an anonymous argument of type int cannot be specified as negative, as it is ambiguous whether -1 is a negative number or a flag. (The same applies to float, time_span, etc.) You can use the special built-in "-anon" flag to force a string starting with a hyphen to be interpreted as an anonymous argument rather than as a flag, or you can just make it a parameter to a flag to avoid the issue.

val char : Core_kernel__.Import.char Arg_type.t
val float : Core_kernel__.Import.float Arg_type.t
val bool : Core_kernel__.Import.bool Arg_type.t
val date : Core_kernel.Date.t Arg_type.t
val percent : Core_kernel.Percent.t Arg_type.t
val host_and_port : Core_kernel.Host_and_port.t Arg_type.t
val sexp : Core_kernel.Sexp.t Arg_type.t
val sexp_conv : (Core_kernel.Sexp.t -> 'a) -> 'a Arg_type.t
include module type of Flag with type 'a Flag.t := 'a Flag.t
type 'a t
val required : 'a Arg_type.t -> 'a t

Required flags must be passed exactly once.

val optional : 'a Arg_type.t -> 'a Core_kernel__.Import.option t

Optional flags may be passed at most once.

val optional_with_default : 'a -> 'a Arg_type.t -> 'a t

optional_with_default flags may be passed at most once, and default to a given value.

val listed : 'a Arg_type.t -> 'a Core_kernel__.Import.list t

listed flags may be passed zero or more times.

val one_or_more : 'a Arg_type.t -> ('a * 'a Core_kernel__.Import.list) t

one_or_more flags must be passed one or more times.

val no_arg : Core_kernel__.Import.bool t

no_arg flags may be passed at most once. The boolean returned is true iff the flag is passed on the command line.

val no_arg_register : key:'a Core_kernel.Univ_map.With_default.Key.t -> value:'a -> Core_kernel__.Import.bool t

no_arg_register ~key ~value is like no_arg, but associates value with key in the autocomplete environment.

val no_arg_some : 'a -> 'a Core_kernel__.Import.option t

no_arg_some value is like no_arg, but will return Some value if the flag is passed on the command line, and return None otherwise.

val no_arg_abort : exit:(Core_kernel__.Import.unit -> Core_kernel__.Std_internal.never_returns) -> Core_kernel__.Import.unit t

no_arg_abort ~exit is like no_arg, but aborts command-line parsing by calling exit. This flag type is useful for "help"-style flags that just print something and exit.

val escape : Core_kernel__.Import.string Core_kernel__.Import.list Core_kernel__.Import.option t

escape flags may be passed at most once. They cause the command line parser to abort and pass through all remaining command line arguments as the value of the flag.

A standard choice of flag name to use with escape is "--".

val map_flag : 'a t -> f:('a -> 'b) -> 'b t

map_flag flag ~f transforms the parsed result of flag by applying f.

include module type of Anons with type 'a Anons.t := 'a Anons.t
type +'a t
val (%:) : Core_kernel__.Import.string -> 'a Arg_type.t -> 'a t

(name %: typ) specifies a required anonymous argument of type typ.

The name must not be surrounded by whitespace; if it is, an exn will be raised.

If the name is surrounded by a special character pair (<>, {}, [] or (),) name will remain as-is, otherwise, name will be uppercased.

In the situation where name is only prefixed or only suffixed by one of the special character pairs, or different pairs are used (e.g., "<ARG]"), an exn will be raised.

The (possibly transformed) name is mentioned in the generated help for the command.

val sequence : 'a t -> 'a Core_kernel__.Import.list t

sequence anons specifies a sequence of anonymous arguments. An exception will be raised if anons matches anything other than a fixed number of anonymous arguments.

val non_empty_sequence_as_pair : 'a t -> ('a * 'a Core_kernel__.Import.list) t

non_empty_sequence_as_pair anons and non_empty_sequence_as_list anons are like sequence anons except that an exception will be raised if there is not at least one anonymous argument given.

val non_empty_sequence_as_list : 'a t -> 'a Core_kernel__.Import.list t
val maybe : 'a t -> 'a Core_kernel__.Import.option t

(maybe anons) indicates that some anonymous arguments are optional.

val maybe_with_default : 'a -> 'a t -> 'a t

(maybe_with_default default anons) indicates an optional anonymous argument with a default value.

val t2 : 'a t -> 'b t -> ('a * 'b) t
val t3 : 'a t -> 'b t -> 'c t -> ('a * 'b * 'c) t
val t4 : 'a t -> 'b t -> 'c t -> 'd t -> ('a * 'b * 'c * 'd) t
val map_anons : 'a t -> f:('a -> 'b) -> 'b t

map_anons anons ~f transforms the parsed result of anons by applying f.