Option wraps the output x of successful functions in Some x. Failed functions return None.
type 'a t = 'a option
Options are preferred over exceptions. For example, use
    let data = [(2, "two"); (5, "five"); (8, "eight")];;
    let f x = match List.Assoc.find_opt x data with
    | Some y -> y
    | None -> "zero" (* where "zero" is some default value *);;
rather than
    let f x = try List.Assoc.find x data with Not_found -> "zero";;
In this case using an exception is shorter, but in nontrivial code options are easier to understand.
val typerep_of_t : 'a Typerep_kernel.Std.Typerep.t -> 'a t Typerep_kernel.Std.Typerep.t
val typename_of_t : 'a Typerep_kernel.Std.Typename.t -> 'a t Typerep_kernel.Std.Typename.t
include Container.S1 with type t := 'a t
include Monad.S with type t := 'a t
Options form a monad, where return x = Some x, (None >>= f) = None, and (Some x >>= f) = f x.
val is_none : 'a t -> bool
is_none t returns true iff t = None.
val is_some : 'a t -> bool
is_some t returns true iff t = Some x.
val value_map : 'a t -> default:'b -> f:('a -> 'b) -> 'b
value_map ~default ~f is the same as function Some x -> f x | None -> default
val map2 : 'a t -> 'b t -> f:('a -> 'b -> 'c) -> 'c t
map2 o f map 'a option and 'b option to a 'c option using ~f
val call : 'a -> f:('a -> unit) t -> unit
call x f run optional function on argument
val apply : 'a -> f:('a -> 'b) t -> 'b t
apply x f run optional function on argument and return an option
val value : 'a t -> default:'a -> 'a
value None ~default = default value (Some x) ~default = x
val value_exn : ?here:Source_code_position0.t ->
?error:Error.t -> ?message:string -> 'a t -> 'a
value_exn (Some x) = x. value_exn None raises an error whose contents contain the supplied ~here, ~error, and message, or a default message if none are supplied.
val equal : ('a -> 'a -> bool) -> 'a t -> 'a t -> bool
val some : 'a -> 'a t
val both : 'a t -> 'b t -> ('a * 'b) t
val first_some : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t
val some_if : bool -> 'a -> 'a t
val merge : 'a t -> 'a t -> f:('a -> 'a -> 'a) -> 'a t
merge a b ~f merges together the values from a and b using f. If both a and b are None, returns None. If only one is Some, returns that one, and if both are Some, returns Some of the result of applying f to the contents of a and b.
val filter : f:('a -> bool) -> 'a t -> 'a t
val try_with : (unit -> 'a) -> 'a t
try_with f returns Some x if f returns x and None if f raises an exception. See Result.try_with if you'd like to know which exception.
val compare : cmp:('a -> 'a -> int) -> 'a t -> 'a t -> int
val validate : none:unit Validate.check -> some:'a Validate.check -> 'a t Validate.check
val t_of_sexp : (Sexplib.Sexp.t -> 'a) -> Sexplib.Sexp.t -> 'a t
val sexp_of_t : ('a -> Sexplib.Sexp.t) -> 'a t -> Sexplib.Sexp.t
val bin_t : 'a Bin_prot.Type_class.t -> 'a t Bin_prot.Type_class.t
val bin_read_t : 'a Bin_prot.Read.reader -> 'a t Bin_prot.Read.reader
val __bin_read_t__ : 'a Bin_prot.Read.reader -> (int -> 'a t) Bin_prot.Read.reader
val bin_reader_t : 'a Bin_prot.Type_class.reader -> 'a t Bin_prot.Type_class.reader
val bin_size_t : 'a Bin_prot.Size.sizer -> 'a t Bin_prot.Size.sizer
val bin_write_t : 'a Bin_prot.Write.writer -> 'a t Bin_prot.Write.writer
val bin_writer_t : 'a Bin_prot.Type_class.writer -> 'a t Bin_prot.Type_class.writer